Hepatitis D

WHAT IS HEPATITIS D ?

Hepatitis D is a virus (HDV) causes inflammation of the liver. It infects people who have hepatitis B (HBV).

HOW IS IT SPREAD?

HDV is transmitted through contact with:

  • HDV-infected blood
  • Needles contaminated with HDV-infected blood
  • Sexual contact with an HDV-infected person

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

Symptoms of HDV may occur within two to eight weeks of contact with the virus. The symptoms of HDV infection are the same as the symptoms of HBV infection and include:

  • Mild flu-like symptoms
  • Light-colored stools
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin)
  • Fever
  • Fatigue

Some people with HDV have no symptoms.

HOW IS HDV INFECTION TREATED?

HDV is treated with interferon. Success varies from person to person.

WHO IS AT RISK FOR BEING INFECTED WITH HDV?

People at risk for HDV infection include:

  • Injection drug users
  • Those who have anal, oral, or vaginal sex with a HDV-infected person

HOW CAN HDV BE PREVENTED?

HDV infection can be prevented by:

  • Having a vaccine to prevent HBV infection
  • Using a condom during sex

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