DIAGNOSIS OF EATING DISORDERS
The first step in diagnosis is admitting that you have symptoms of an eating disorder. You may need support and encouragement from others before seeking help.
Initial evaluation – during the initial evaluation, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history, the amount of food you eat, and how you try to control your weight.
Physical exam and tests – your health care provider will give you a physical exam and check your height and weight. If you have symptoms of bulimia, he or she may look at your teeth to check for erosion (a sign of frequent vomiting). You will also have routine blood, urine, and other tests to check your overall health status.
Psychiatric evaluation – a mental health professional may perform a series of tests and evaluate you for other psychiatric conditions, such as depression and anxiety disorders, which are common in people with eating disorders.
Diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa
According to the DSM-IV, anorexia nervosa is characterized by:
1: An intense fear of gaining weight
2: A refusal to maintain adequate nutrition, often associated with an erroneous image of the self as fat
3: Loss of original body weight to 85% or less of what is expected for normal height and weight
4: Disturbance of body image and negative self-evaluation
5: Absence of at least three consecutive menstrual periods in females who have started menstruating
Diagnosis of Bulimia Nervosa
1: According to the DSM-IV, bulimia nervosa is characterized by:
2: Frequent occurrence of binge eating episodes accompanied by a sense of loss of control
3: Recurrent inappropriate behavior (e.g., vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting, or excessive exercise) intended to prevent weight gain
4: Both of the above behaviors occur at least twice a week, on average, for three month
Diagnosis of Binge Eating Disorder
Binge eating disorder is characterized by:
1: Binge eating episodes accompanied by a sense of loss of control
2: No inappropriate behavior to prevent weight gain
3: The behavior occurs at least twice a week, on average, for three months